The liver is the central organ for metabolism in the body and has many functions reaching from protein production and depletion to blood clotting as well as the metabolism of cholesterol, glucose and iron.
The reasons for liver diseases are often virus infections, alcohol, liver cancer, or obesity. But there could also be genetic causes. Frequent inherited liver disorders are hereditary hemochromatosis, α1-antitrypsin deficiency, or Wilson disease. Besides the transport and metabolic disturbances underlying these disorders, a malformation of the biliary tracts and other biliary tract diseases or structural impairments during organ morphogenesis can also lead to disturbance of liver function. Thus, therapy for liver diseases, which often responds well to treatment, is highly specific according to the underlying cause. Therefore, diagnosing the exact cause of the respective disease is indispensable.
The Diagnostic Panel for Liver Diseases is based on exome sequencing with CeGaT ExomeXtra®. CeGaT ExomeXtra® covers all protein-coding regions as well as all known pathogenic intronic and intergenic variants. It thus provides the best basis for genetic diagnostics.
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What We Offer with the Panel for Liver Diseases
Our Promise to You
It is possible to request single or multiple predefined gene sets. In addition to the complete analysis of the genes of the requested gene set, we extend the analysis to all genes of the Diagnostic Panel for Liver Diseases upon request. We report pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants (ACMG classes 4 and 5), which could be related to the indication of the person seeking advice.
The Diagnostic Panel for Liver Diseases is based on the CeGaT ExomeXtra® enrichment. This allows, without additional sequencing, phenotypically eligible gene sets of other CeGaT panels or single genes to be additionally ordered. If you would like to assemble an individual panel, please feel free to contact us. We will be happy to support you.
In addition to the primary diagnostic assignment, the assessment of ACMG genes and pharmacogenetic profiling may also be ordered.
The enrichment of the coding regions and the adjacent intronic regions is performed using an in-solution hybridization technology. The selection of the targeted regions and the design of the enrichment baits is performed in-house. High throughput sequencing is performed on Illumina platforms. Bioinformatic processing of the data is achieved using an in-house computer cluster.
Following data processing, our team of scientists and specialists in human genetics analyze the data and issue a medical report.
- 1-2 ml EDTA blood (recommended sample type) or
- 1-2 µg genomic DNA
- Order Form with declaration of consent
Here you can find more information on how to ship your sample safely.
- Turnaround Time: < 4 Weeks
The prices for our human genetic diagnostics depend on the size of the selected Diagnostic Panel and the selected gene sets. All prices include sequencing, bioinformatic analysis, and issuing of a medical report by our team of experts in human genetic diagnostics.
Gene Sets – Liver Diseases
Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis (LIV01, 10 Genes)
ABCB11, ABCB4, ATP8B1, KIF12, NR1H4, MYO5B, TJP2, USP53, VPS33B, ZFYVE19
Lysosomal Storage Disorders with Liver Involvement (LIV06, 5 Genes)
GBA, LIPA, NPC1, NPC2, SMPD1
Cholestasis (LIV10, 42 Genes)
ABCB11, ABCB4, ABCC2, ACOX2, ADK, AKR1D1, AMACR, ATP7B, ATP8B1, BAAT, CCDC115, CFTR, CLDN1, CYP27A1, CYP7B1, DCDC2, DGUOK, FAH, FOCAD, GALE, GALT, GIMAP5, HSD3B7, JAG1, KIF12, MPV17, MYO5B, NBAS, NOTCH2, NR1H4, PKHD1, POLG, RINT1, SLC25A13, TJP2, TRMU, TULP3, USP53, VIPAS39, VPS33B, VPS50, ZFYVE19
Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency)
SERPINA1 (common pathogenic alleles)
Gene Directory – Panel for Liver Diseases
ABCB11, ABCB4, ABCC2, ACOX2, ADK, AKR1D1, AMACR, ATP7B, ATP8B1, BAAT, CCDC115, CFTR, CLDN1, CYP27A1, CYP7B1, DCDC2, DGUOK, FAH, FOCAD, GALE, GALT, GBA1, GIMAP5, HSD3B7, JAG1, KIF12, LIPA, MPV17, MYO5B, NBAS, NOTCH2, NPC1, NPC2, NR1H4, PKHD1, POLG, RINT1, SLC25A13, SMPD1, TJP2, TRMU, TULP3, USP53, VIPAS39, VPS33B, VPS50, ZFYVE19
Genetic variation may sometimes be identified, which does not fit within the scope of the requested genetic analysis (so-called secondary findings). The reporting of these variants is limited to pathogenic alterations (ACMG classes 4 and 5) within selected genes, for which a treatment or course of action exists for you or your family (according to the current guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics; details on genes and associated diseases can be found here.
Pharmacogenetic analysis detects genetic changes that affect the effectiveness of drugs. Genetic variants that affect proteins responsible for the metabolism of substances can significantly change their tolerance and efficacy. These drugs include, among others, antidepressants, pain relievers, neuroleptics, chemotherapeutics, AIDS drugs, thrombosis drugs, anesthetics, beta-blockers, or statins.
The reduced activity of a specific enzyme can lead to an increased drug level in the standard dosage, which is often associated with undesirable side effects. With drugs that are only activated by metabolism, the therapeutic effect can be completely absent. Likewise, due to the resulting increased rate of degradation of the medicinal substance, an increased enzyme activity leads to inadequate effectiveness of the therapy.
The pharmacogenetics option analyzes known variants in 22 genes involved in the metabolism of drugs. If specific gene variants occur, the treating doctor can adapt the therapy individually. The pharmacogenetic analysis can minimize serious side effects and helps to avoid failure of the treatment.
Do you have a question, or are you interested in our service?
We will assist you in selecting the diagnostic strategy – for each patient.