Prenatal ExomeXtra®

Understanding genetic conditions prior to birth

Fetal structural anomalies are found in up to 3% of all pregnancies following routine prenatal care ultrasound screening1.
A diagnosis is difficult due to limited phenotypic information, but it is crucial to gain information about disease prognosis. The Prenatal ExomeXtra® analysis assists in such cases by identifying the genetic cause of the disease.

The human exome contains all protein-coding regions (exons) of about 23,000 genes in the genome. The exome makes up only about 1%–2% of the whole genome, but close to 89% of all known disease-causing mutations are located within the exons. In addition, our proprietary design also covers more than 38,000 non-coding variants described as diseaserelevant in the databases HGMD and ClinVar.

Are you insured in Germany? Our colleagues at the Zentrum für Humangenetik Tübingen will gladly support you!

What We Offer with This Service

Clinical Design

All known disease-causing regions throughout the genome are covered

Analysis

Including variants in genes with reduced penetrance, variable expressivity, and imprinting effects

Coverage

Average diagnostics coverage of > 100x

Comprehensive Medical Report

Created by our interdisciplinary team of experts

Our Promise to You

Fast Turnaround Time

2–3 weeks after sample receipt

Safety

Highest confidentiality and quality standards

Reliability

Reliable support throughout all steps

Comprehensibility

Clearly prepared medical report

Service Details

Medical Report With:

  • variants with clinical relevance (ACMG class 4, 5)
  • interpretation & discussion of these variants and the affected genes
  • interpretation of genetic relevance for family planning
  • recommendations for clinical disease management & further tests
  • detection of copy number variants (CNVs) – more information

Additional Services (for the Parents):

Sample Report

Our Standard Sample Requirements

For the Fetus:

  • amniotic fluid (native or cultured)
  • chorionic villi (native or cultured)
  • extracted fetal DNA
  • abortion material

For the Parents:

  • 1 ml–2 ml EDTA blood (recommended sample type)
  • genomic DNA (1 µg–2 µg)
  • DBS cards, buccal swabs, or saliva are also possible

Here you can find more information on how to ship your sample safely.

If prenatal trio exome diagnostics is not possible, we still need a sample from the mother to test for maternal cell contamination (MCC). Other sample material sources are possible on request. Please note: In case of insufficient sample quality, the analysis might fail. If you have more than one option of samples, please contact us (diagnostic-support@cegat.com), and we will assist you in choosing the optimal sample for your patient.

Diagnostic Process

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Counseling & Test Selection

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Sampling & Shipment

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Sample Analysis

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Medical Report & Counseling

Prenatal Diagnostics – With and without Abnormal Ultrasound Findings

The exomes of both parents and the index patient are sequenced to enable comparative analysis. Out of 500 analyses for pregnancies with abnormal ultrasound findings, we identified the disease-causing variation in 38% by this method2. By now our cohort has increased substantially above 1,500 cases.

Diagnostics – With Conspicuous Ultrasound Findings:

The Prenatal ExomeXtra® is used to determine the genetic cause of a disease in a fetus with abnormal ultrasound findings. In addition, we investigate the risk of serious health complications in the early stages of a child’s life. The analysis of the exomes of the fetus and both parents (trio exome diagnostics) enables a comparative analysis and increases the probability of identifying disease-causing variants.

Prenatal ExomeXtra® diagnostics enables the detection of variants that affect metabolism, for example and offer the possibility of initiating treatment immediately after birth. Our unique analysis approach also allows the detection of variants with imprinting effects, variable expressivity, and reduced penetrance.

Diagnostics – Without Ultrasound Findings:

The Prenatal ExomeXtra® can also be performed if prenatal ultrasound examinations are inconspicuous. A Study by Sukenik Halevy et al. shows that more than 50% of cases with postnatal neurocognitive disorders did not show prenatal ultrasound abnormalities3.

We have compiled a comprehensive panel of over 2,000 genes associated with severe early-onset diseases in cooperation with leading experts in prenatal clinical human genetics. After trio exome analysis and filtering, we screen all genes in the panel for pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants (ACMG class 4, 5) associated with severe, early-onset disease. Our experts also report all pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants outside this gene panel and discuss their clinical relevance if they lead to severe childhood disorders. In this way, we always consider the latest scientific findings.

Extra Insightful Results

The human exome contains all protein-coding regions (exons) of about 23,000 genes in the genome. The exome makes up only about 1% – 2% of the whole genome, but close to 89% of all known disease-causing mutations to be located within the exons. Our proprietary design also covers more than 38,000 non-coding variants described as disease-relevant in the databases HGMD and ClinVar. In addition, we screen for the risk of severe health complications in the early stages of a child’s life. The exomes of the parents and the index patient are sequenced, allowing a comparative analysis. The additional screening for variants outside the phenotype described enables the detection of variants that affect metabolism, for example, with the possibility of intervening immediately after birth.

Our Unique Analysis Strategy Considers Often Overlooked Issues, Such as Mildly Affected Parents

Standard trio exome diagnostics assumes that both parents are not affected. This filtering ignores that some parents are only mildly affected, for example, which would result in negative findings. We compensate for these situations with a unique analysis strategy that allows us to solve cases where the phenotype is caused by variants with

  • imprinting effects
  • variable expressivity
  • reduced penetrance

In addition, variants in the mitochondrial genome are evaluated when the phenotype indicates the possibility of a mitochondrial disease. In the case of prenatal diagnostics, the analysis of mtDNA is always included.

More information

References

1 Edwards, L. & Hui, L. First and second trimester screening for fetal structural anomalies. Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine 23, 102–111; 10.1016/j.siny.2017.11.005 (2018).
2 Gabriel, H. et al. Trio exome sequencing is highly relevant in prenatal diagnostics. Prenatal diagnosis 42, 845–851; 10.1002/pd.6081 (2022).
3 Sukenik-Halevy, R. et al. The prevalence of prenatal sonographic findings in postnatal diagnostic exome sequencing performed for neurocognitive phenotypes: A cohort study. Prenatal diagnosis 42, 717–724; 10.1002/pd.6095 (2022).

Further Information

Study: Prenatal Trio Exome Sequencing Clarifies Ultrasound Abnormalities with a Solution Rate of 38%. Continue reading

Webinar: Learn How We Can Help You Solve Complex Patient Cases

Webinar: Better than exome, smarter than genome

Identifiy the disease-causing alteration in a fetus

Downloads

Order Form Prenatal ExomeXtra®
Order Form Prenatal ExomeXtra PWU
Sample Report Prenatal ExomeXtra®
Sample Report Prenatal ExomeXtra® PWU
Scientific Poster Prenatal
Exome Diagnostics Brochure
Exome Diagnostics Flyer (EN)
Revolution in Exome Diagnostics

Contact Us

Do you have a question, or are you interested in our service?

Diagnostic Support

We will assist you in selecting the diagnostic strategy – for each patient.

Keimbahn Team der CeGaT